Colorado Lemon Law
Colo. Rev. Stat. §§ 42-10-101 to 42-10-107; see also Colo. Rev.
Stat. §§ 12-6-120(1)(a), 12-6-122(2)
Vehicles covered: Passenger vehicles normally used for personal,
family, or household use and sold in-state, including pick-up trucks
and vans; excludes vehicles that carry more than ten persons, motor
homes, and vehicles with three or fewer wheels (§ 42-10-101(2)).
No reference to leased vehicles.
Persons covered: Purchasers, transferees during express warranty
period, or any person entitled to enforce the warranty (§ 42-10-
Period covered: Whichever comes first: expiry of term of warranty
or one year from date of delivery (§ 42-10-102).
Disclosure requirements: Dealer shall have notification form with
manufacturer’s name and address inserted in owner’s manual; form
shall disclose clearly the notice requirements necessary before
consumer can obtain remedies (§ 42-10-103(2)(d)).
Required consumer notice: Written notification by certified mail to
manufacturer (§ 42-10-103(2)(c),(d)).
Repair requirements: It is presumed that a reasonable number of
attempts have been made if the same nonconformity is subjected to
four or more repairs, or the vehicle is out of service for a cumulative
total of thirty or more business days (§ 42-10-103(2)(a)).
Opportunity to cure after required notice from consumer (§ 42-
Affırmative defenses: The nonconformity does not substantially
impair the use and market value of the vehicle, or is the result of
the consumer’s abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or
alterations (§ 42-10-104); statute of limitations (§ 42-10-107).
Replace/refund: At the manufacturer’s option, the manufacturer
shall replace with a comparable vehicle, or refund the full purchase
price less a reasonable use allowance (§ 42-10-103(1)).
Other reimbursement: Taxes, fees, and charges (§ 42-10-103(1));
attorney fees (§ 42-10-103(3)).
Other remedies: There is no limit on other consumer remedies
(§ 42-10-105). Any person has a cause of action for treble damages
and attorney fees if a manufacturer willfully fails to perform
written warranties (§§ 12-6-120(1)(a), 12-6-122(2)).
Informal dispute resolution: For remedies under this act, a consumer
must first resort to the manufacturer’s informal dispute
settlement procedure, provided it complies with 16 C.F.R. pt. 703
Resale of lemon: Written notice required before resale (§ 6-1-