NORTH DAKOTA Lemon Law:
N.D. Cent. Code §§ 51-07-16 to 51-07-22
Vehicles covered: Passenger motor vehicle as defined in N.D. Cent.
Code § 39-01-01, or trucks under 10,000 lbs., sold or leased
in-state; excludes house cars (§ 51-07-16(2)).
Persons covered: Purchasers, transferees and lessees during express
warranty period, or any person entitled to enforce the warranty
Period covered: Whichever comes first: expiry of term of express
warranty or one year from date of delivery (§ 51-07-17).
Disclosure requirements: None.
Required consumer notice: Report of the nonconformity to the
manufacturer from or on behalf of the consumer (§ 51-07-19(3)).
Repair requirements: It is presumed that a reasonable number of
attempts have been made if the same nonconformity is subjected to
three or more repairs, or the vehicle is out of service for a
cumulative total of thirty or more business days during one year;
manufacturer has opportunity to cure after notice from consumer
Affırmative defenses: The nonconformity does not substantially
impair the use and market value of the vehicle, or is the result of
the consumer’s abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or
alterations (§ 51-07-18(2)); statute of limitations (§ 51-07-21).
Replace/refund: The manufacturer shall replace with a comparable
vehicle, or refund the full purchase price less a reasonable use
allowance (§ 51-07-18(1)).
Other reimbursement: Collateral charges (§ 51-07-18(1)).
Other remedies: Exclusive remedy; if proved under this section, a
consumer may not pursue other remedies (§ 51-07-20).
Informal dispute resolution: For remedies under this section a
consumer must first use the manufacturer’s informal dispute settlement
procedure, provided it complies with 16 C.F.R. pt. 703
Resale of lemon: Must provide full disclosure and a twelve month
or 12,000 mile warranty for vehicles sold in-state; may not ship to
another state unless full disclosure is made (§ 51-07-22).