VERMONT Lemon Law:
Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9, §§ 4170 to 4181
Vehicles covered: New vehicles purchased, leased or registered,
including demonstrators (§ 4171(9)). Excludes tractors, highway
building equipment, road-making appliances, snowmobiles, motorcycles,
mopeds, living part of recreational vehicles and trucks
over 10,000 lbs. (§ 4171(6)).
Persons covered: Purchasers, lessees, transferees during express
warranty period, or any person entitled to enforce the warranty;
excludes government entities and businesses with three or more
vehicles (§ 4171(2)).
Period covered: Term of express warranty or written warranties
Disclosure requirements: Manufacturer must provide form for
notice of defect at time the vehicle is delivered (§§ 4173(a), 4180);
display written notice of consumer rights at time of sale (§ 4180).
Required consumer notice: Notify the manufacturer in writing on
form provided by manufacturer after the third repair attempt or out
of service for thirty days (§ 4173(a)).
Repair requirements: It is presumed that a reasonable number of
attempts have been made if the same nonconformity is subjected to
three or more repairs, or the vehicle is out of service for a
cumulative total of thirty or more calendar days; the first repair
attempt must be within the express warranty period (§ 4172(g)).
Affırmative defenses: The nonconformity does not substantially
impair the use, market value or safety of the vehicle, or is the result
of the consumer’s abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or
alterations (§ 4172(f)); consumer has discontinued payments
(§ 4173(b)); statute of limitations (§ 4179).
Replace/refund: At the consumer’s option, within thirty days the
manufacturer shall replace with a new vehicle of comparable
worth, or refund the full purchase price less a reasonable use
allowance (defined) (§ 4172(e)).
Other reimbursement: Credits, allowances, fees, charges, and incidental
and consequential damages (§ 4172(e)).
Other remedies: A consumer can not pursue a remedy under this
chapter if it has discontinued payment due to the manufacturer’s
breach (§ 4173(b)). The manufacturer’s failure to comply with the
statute is an unfair or deceptive act or practice (§ 4177). No cause
of action created against dealer (§ 4178).
Informal dispute resolution: For remedies under this section, consumer
must notify manufacturer whether consumer elects to use
arbitration procedure established by manufacturer’s procedure or
the Vermont motor vehicle arbitration board’s (§ 4173(c)).
Resale of lemon: Full disclosure required and notice printed on title