VIRGINIA Lemon Law:
Va. Code Ann. §§ 59.1-207.9 to 59.1-207.16
Vehicles covered: Passenger cars, pick-up or panel trucks, motorcycles,
motorized portions of motor homes and mopeds, demonstrators,
and lease-purchase vehicles (§ 59.1-207.11).
Persons covered: Purchasers, lessees, transferees during express
warranty period, or any person entitled to enforce the warranty
Period covered: Eighteen months from date of delivery (§ 59.1-
Disclosure requirements: Manufacturer must provide in the warranty
or owner’s manual clear and conspicuous disclosure that
consumer must give notice before lemon law rights can be exercised
Required consumer notice: Written notification by the consumer or
his representative to the address the manufacturer specifies in the
warranty or owner’s manual, unless factory representative has
inspected or been consulted as to the nonconformity (§§ 59.1-
Repair requirements: It is presumed that a reasonable number of
attempts have been made if the same nonconformity is subjected to
three or more repairs, or if the nonconformity is a serious safety
defect subjected to one or more repairs, or if the vehicle is out of
service for a cumulative total of thirty or more calendar days
Affırmative defenses: The nonconformity does not substantially
impair the use, market value or safety of the vehicle, or is the result
of the consumer’s abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or
alterations (§ 59.1-207.13(G)); statute of limitations (§ 59.1-
Replace/refund: At the consumer’s option, the manufacturer shall
replace with a comparable vehicle acceptable to the consumer, or
refund the full purchase price less a reasonable use allowance
(defined) (§ 59.1-207.13(A)).
Other reimbursement: Collateral charges and incidental damages
(§ 59.1-207.13(A)(2)). Attorney fees, costs and expert witness fees
(§ 59.1-207.14). Triple damages and attorney fees if manufacturer
fails to comply with arbitration decision (§ 59.1-207.15(C)).
Other remedies: There is no limit on other consumer remedies
Informal dispute resolution: For remedies under this section a
consumer must first use an informal dispute settlement procedure
established by the manufacturer, provided the procedure complies
with state and federal laws (§ 59.1-207.15).
Resale of lemon: Full written disclosure required (§ 59.1-207.16:1).